Johannesburg (/dʒoʊˈhænɪsbɜːrɡ/, also US: /-ˈhɑːn-/; Afrikaans: [juəˈɦanəsbœrχ]; Zulu and Xhosa: eGoli [ɛˈgoːli]), informally known as Jozi, Joburg, or “The City of Gold“, is the largest city in South Africa, classified as a megacity, and is one of the 100 largest urban areas in the world.
Johannesburg is home to the headquarters of the majority of South Africa’s major corporations and banks. The city is situated in the mineral-rich Witwatersrand Hills and is the centre of large-scale gold and diamond trade. It was one of the official host cities of the 2010 FIFA World Cup, and it also hosted the final.
The city was founded in 1886 after gold was discovered on what had previously been a farm. The population of the Witwatersrand had increased to 100,000 people in ten years as a result of the exceptionally enormous gold deposit discovered along the Witwatersrand.
The metropolis is an alpha global city as listed by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. In 2019, the population of the city of Johannesburg was 5,635,127, making it the most populous city in South Africa. In the same year, the population of Johannesburg’s urban agglomeration was put at 8,000,000. Land area of the municipal city (1,645 km2 or 635 sq mi) is large in comparison with those of other major cities, resulting in a moderate population density of 2,364 per square kilometre (6,120/sq mi).