Botswana is a landlocked country in Southern Africa with a topography typified by the Kalahari Desert and the Okavango Delta, which is transformed into a lush animal home during seasonal floods. Giraffes, cheetahs, hyenas, and wild dogs live in the vast Central Kalahari Game Reserve, which features fossilised river valleys and undulating grasslands.
Botswana is one of the world’s most sparsely inhabited countries, with a population of just over 2.3 million people. Gaborone, the country’s capital and largest city, is home to 11.6 percent of the population. Formerly one of the poorest countries in the world, with a GDP per capita of around US$70 in the late 1960s, it has subsequently turned into an upper-middle-income country with one of the world’s fastest-growing economies.